Preventing water crises
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Preventing water crises

One of the driest and warmest summers in Germany

This year’s was the third hottest summer in Germany since the beginning of regular meteorological records in 1881, according to preliminary data from the Federal Meteorological Service.

Based on an analysis that took into account forecasts for the last two days of August, the average temperature for the season was 19.2 degrees Celsius, 2.9 degrees above the long-term average.

The previous summer was
even warmer, with
an average temperature
of 19.3 degrees, while
the hottest summer of the
last 138 years was in 2003,
with an average temperature
of 19.7 degrees.

This summer brought a new record high with an extremely strong heat wave, during which, from 24 to 26 July, temperatures rose above 40 degrees Celsius for three consecutive days, and a new historic record of 42.6 degrees was measured, which is more than 2 degrees above the previous record of 40.3 degrees, recorded in August 2015.

Bathers at the lakeside, Haltern am See, 24 July 2019 Photo: MTI/EPA/Friedemann Vogel

This summer has not only been exceptionally warm but also dry in Germany, with an average of 175 millimetres of rain per square metre, which is 27 percent below the usual 239 millimetres. A number of regions suffered severe drought: in a wide stretch from North Rhine-Westphalia to the southern part of Brandenburg, rainfall was only a half, in places only a third of the long-term average.

In a number of federal states,
the soil dried the most since
regular soil humidity
measurements were
started in 1961.

The national average of sunny hours was 755, up 25 percent from the usual level, and making the summer of 2019 the fourth sunniest summer since 1951.

The dried out banks of the River Elbe in the centre of Dresden, 10 July 2019 Photo: MTI/EPA/Filip Singer

Source: MTI – Hungarian News Agency

Further information: Deutscher Wetterdienst

Sad pictures of a lake that disappears in Chile

In 2011, Laguna de Aculeo, one of the country’s favourite bathing resorts, still covered 12 square kilometres, and the lake was 6 metres deep – but since then, it has completely dried out.

One billion tonnes of carbon dioxide released into the air in Africa

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European Union aid for drought-stricken Africa

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Zimbabwe hit by power outages due to drought

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The endangered Nile

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India among the countries worst affected by global warming

Unprecedented droughts, heat waves claiming more than a hundred lives: the summer of 2019 has made it clear for the whole world that India is in big trouble. How will climate change shape the future of the country?

Are Europe's rivers also at the risk of running dry?

Climate change is increasingly making itself felt in Europe, too: flash floods, heat waves, droughts and forest fires are on the rise on the continent.

Water shortages: Spain and Morocco to follow India?

Water shortages represent one of the most severe consequences of global warming, impacting growing numbers of people. In 2018, the Cape Town water crisis made global news. This year so far, the situation is the worst in India: millions are struggling to get water day after day.