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Preventing water crises
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Preventing water crises

Seventeen countries suffer critical water shortages

According to a report from the World Resources Institute, 17 countries are facing extremely high water stress, from India through Israel to Botswana. Many of the countries in question – which, collectively, are home to a quarter of the world’s population – are in the Middle East and North Africa.

Recently, a number of metropolises have had to face water shortages, such as Sao Paulo, India’s sixth largest city Chennai and Cape Town.

In some places, the catastrophe, which makes everyday life almost impossible for residents and also causes massive economic damage, was caused by extreme drought, in others by inappropriate water management, or even a combination of both factors.

Scientists at the World Resources Institute classify the world’s countries into five categories of water stress. Today, 17 countries are in the extremely high baseline water stress category, and 27 countries have high baseline water stress.

In the table from the World Resources Institute report, countries with extremely high water stress are marked
dark red, those with high water stress are marked red, while orange indicates medium–high, and yellow
indicates low–medium baseline water stress
Table: wri.org
Further information: WRI

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