There are areas in the oceans that have no oxygen and are completely unsuitable for the formation and the sustaining of any kind of life – they are the so-called dead zones. A new study has shown that their number is much greater than previously thought.
According to a study published in Science, climate change has caused the total area of dead zones in the world’s oceans to quadruple since 1950, while the area of coastal low oxygen zones has grown by a factor of ten.
This is particularly alarming because the growth of dead zones threatens the mass extinction of marine species, and the tragedy may cause a chain reaction with a catastrophic effect on entire food chains.
the leading author of the study Denise Breitung, a researcher at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center told the Guardian. The scientist believes that the solution, that is to say the cleaning of the ocean regions in question, requires international cooperation, but she also emphasised that parallel local initiatives are also very important.
“Right now, the increasing expansion of coastal dead zones and decline in open ocean oxygen are not priority problems for governments around the world,” said Prof Robert Diaz, one of the reviewers of the study. He believes that the complete collapse of the fishing industry around the world would be required for decision-makers to take the problem seriously.
Modern medical science offers effective solutions to an increasing number of health problems, and in most cases they take the form of medications. Pills make our pain go away, they improve our quality of life and aid our recovery. But, unfortunately, the effects of their active ingredients do not stop there.
During the 1st Lake Tisza Plastic Cup, 32-year-old Bence Párdy got so outraged by the massive amount of waste covering the lake that after the Cup he left his job and moved to the side of the lake, where he has been collecting waste as a volunteer for over two months.
According to a report from the UN World Health Organisation, we urgently need to know more about microplastics, although according to our very limited current knowledge, they represent only a minimal health risk. Polluted drinking water is a much greater problem, as its consumption causes millions of fatalities each year.
German and American scientists have detected plastic microfibers in samples of snow and ice collected in the Arctic. The researchers from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven have found microplastics in snow samples from Bavaria, Bremen, the island of Helgoland, the Swiss Alps and the region of the North Pole.
Microplastics have been found at a number of locations around the world from Antarctica to the deepest regions of the oceans. They have been detected in human and animal organisms. But now they turned up in a perhaps even more surprising place.
Wastewater and human waste discharged from ships are polluting the Adriatic Sea according to an article on the Croatian news portal Index.hr. At Koločep, just 7 kilometres off Dubrovnik, the environmental authority has banned bathing.
Henderson Island, a remote Pacific island that belongs to New Zealand, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site – yet six tonnes of plastic waste was collected there in two weeks.
Based on a study spanning more than 20 years, researchers of the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer) believe that the Mediterranean Sea is the most polluted sea in Europe.
Water pollution in the region is becoming increasingly severe. Tunisia is particularly in big trouble.
Fishermen in Greece, who agree to collect the waste caught in their nets and deliver it for recycling, get 200 euro a month.