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Preventing water crises
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Preventing water crises

Millions of children die each year due to lack of access to clean water

According to a UN report, a child died every five seconds somewhere in the world in 2017, but most of those deaths could have been prevented, as they were mostly caused by lack of clean water, hygiene, nutrition and basic healthcare services.

In 2017, some 6.3 million children under the age of 15 died around the world. 5.4 million of those children didn’t even live to be five years old.

Half the victims were newborns, and a significant part of the mortalities occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa.

“Simple things, such as medicines, clean water, electricity and vaccines could reduce the number of children dying drastically,” said Laurence Chandy, an expert with UNICEF. He added that without urgent interventions, a further 56 million children under the age of five will die between 2018 and 2030.

However, the report also shows that thanks to efforts so far, compared to conditions thirty years ago, every second child is actually saved today.

12.6 million children under five had died in 1990. The reduction of child mortality was among the United Nations Millennium Development Goals adopted in 2000. In that year, 11.2 million children under 15 had died due to preventable diseases, lack of access to clean water, malnutrition and complications around birth.

6.3 million children under the age of 15 dies in 2017, partly due to lack of clean drinking water Photo: Shutterstock

The cycle of active pharmaceuticals: from the sewage system onto our tables

The set of problems around pharmaceutical residues is extremely complex: the active compounds that are released can reach not only drinking water but also our food. Luckily, scientists have started investigating the problem, and the development of technologies able to offer a solution is also under way.

Scientists on the trail of pharmaceutical residues

The active ingredients of various medicines are released into the environment with treated and untreated wastewater, and today they can be detected not only in surface waters but also in underground waters and the soil. But what defensive measures can we take against them? Hundreds of research groups are studying that question worldwide.

Thousands of marine mammals perish around UK shores

Data from the UK Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme indicates that between 2011 and 2017, almost five thousand marine mammals were stranded around the shores of the UK.

Food packaging trash covers beaches

Nine of the ten most common types of seaside waste are related to human food and drink consumption.

Medications in the water?

More and more pharmaceutical drugs are sold each year, which, along with their benefits, have their disadvantages, too: some of the active ingredients are discharged from our bodies unchanged and they end up polluting our natural waters. Our current knowledge suggests that this does not carry a significant health risk, but as we do not know the long-term effects of the process, it is a problem for which we must find a solution in the near future, for instance by introducing new technologies.

Over two tonnes of golf balls collected from Monterey Bay

Specialists believe almost 30 kilograms of microplastics has eroded from such a quantity of golf balls into the water.

Awareness-raising popsicles made of polluted water

Three design students in Taiwan teamed up to create the Polluted Water Popsicles project so as to call attention to the increasing level of water pollution caused by the country’s economic growth and urbanisation.

From pharmacies to natural waters

Modern medical science offers effective solutions to an increasing number of health problems, and in most cases they take the form of medications. Pills make our pain go away, they improve our quality of life and aid our recovery. But, unfortunately, the effects of their active ingredients do not stop there.

Volunteer collects 300 bags of waste in two months on Lake Tisza

During the 1st Lake Tisza Plastic Cup, 32-year-old Bence Párdy got so outraged by the massive amount of waste covering the lake that after the Cup he left his job and moved to the side of the lake, where he has been collecting waste as a volunteer for over two months.

Water pollution is a greater issue than microplastics

According to a report from the UN World Health Organisation, we urgently need to know more about microplastics, although according to our very limited current knowledge, they represent only a minimal health risk. Polluted drinking water is a much greater problem, as its consumption causes millions of fatalities each year.

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