According to a UN report, a child died every five seconds somewhere in the world in 2017, but most of those deaths could have been prevented, as they were mostly caused by lack of clean water, hygiene, nutrition and basic healthcare services.
In 2017, some 6.3 million children under the age of 15 died around the world. 5.4 million of those children didn’t even live to be five years old.
“Simple things, such as medicines, clean water, electricity and vaccines could reduce the number of children dying drastically,” said Laurence Chandy, an expert with UNICEF. He added that without urgent interventions, a further 56 million children under the age of five will die between 2018 and 2030.
12.6 million children under five had died in 1990. The reduction of child mortality was among the United Nations Millennium Development Goals adopted in 2000. In that year, 11.2 million children under 15 had died due to preventable diseases, lack of access to clean water, malnutrition and complications around birth.
Warming may reduce marine life by 17 percent. The world’s oceans could lose one-sixth of their fish and other marine life by the end of the century if climate change continues at the present rate – claim marine biologists.
An unexpected problem associated with the pollution of lakes came into focus last January, when a highly polluted lake in India caught fire because of the massive quantities of waste in it – and according to locals, it was not first time, either.
The severe pollution of waters is an increasingly alarming problem, with many places around the world having no access to clean drinking water, which may have tragic consequences. In 2018, the Chinese artist Brother Nut put on a special exhibition to bring attention to the damage caused by water pollution.
There are areas in the oceans that have no oxygen and are completely unsuitable for the formation and the sustaining of any kind of life – they are the so-called dead zones. A new study has shown that their number is much greater than previously thought.
The flooding Danube has built a conspicuous island of waste in Romania, near the county town of Galati. The video produced by the local radio station shows clearly that much of the deposit consists not of natural materials but human waste, particularly plastic.
Every year, some 50 tonnes of plastic ends up in Lake Geneva, claims a study commissioned by the Association for the Safeguarding of Lake Geneva (Association pour la suvegarde du Léman, ASL). The samples taken from various depths have shown that a significant portion of that waste is collected in the sediment at the bottom of the lake.
What effect does the astonishingly high rate of pollution of the ocean have on the chemical balance of Earth? What happens if the chemical composition of the oceans and seas changes as a result of global warming? What can we do to stop poisoning the circulatory system of our planet?
At least 8 million tonnes of plastic is released into our planet’s natural waters each year, and the plastic accumulating in the seas and oceans represent a terrible danger to birdlife – warns a May announcement from the UN Environment Programme.
Greek and Dutch divers have removed two tonnes of discarded fishing nets from the bottom of the sea in northern Greece, where they were endangering wildlife including rare, endangered species of Mediterranean sea-horses.
From the Thames to the Tigris, hundreds of rivers have dangerously high levels of antibiotics, says a new international study that is the most comprehensive to date. This is particularly dangerous because the process favours the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.