Nyelvváltás
Preventing water crises
Küldés e-mailben Facebook Twitter Nyelvváltás
Preventing water crises

Overview of Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals – adopted in the Summit of Prime Ministers and Heads of State between 25 and 27 September 2015 – are based on the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

At the 2000 Millennium Summit, the Millennium Development Goals – adopted by the international community serving as a global guideline for development policy – were replaced or extended by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Sustainable Development Goals create a new framework comprising universal goals, targets and indicators. The UN Member States should take into account this framework (Post-2015 Agenda) when setting out their development policies for the following 15 years.

Why are “new” goals needed?

There is general consensus that the MDGs proved to be very narrow in the face of complex challenges emerging in the world today. It is well-demonstrated by the fact that more than 600 million people world-wide are unable to access good quality drinking water, while almost 1 billion people are forced to live on USD 1.25 per day.

The package of proposals for sustainable development comprises 17 goals and 169 targets.

17 Sustainable Development Goals Image: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/news/communications-material/

The targets of the Clean Water and Sanitation (Sustainable Development Goal 6) are

6.1 by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all;

6.2 by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations;

6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and increasing recycling and safe reuse by x% globally;

6.4 by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity;

6.5 by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate;

6.6 by 2020 protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes;

6.a by 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies;

6.b support and strengthen the participation of local communities for improving water and sanitation management.

How could the Sustainable Development Goals be selected?

In contrast with MDGs, the United Nations had launched the greatest consultation programme of its history for specifying the substance of SDGs.

The Rio+20 Conference held in July 2012 initiated an intergovernmental process to elaborate the Sustainable Development Goals. The UN Open Working Group set up for this purpose, with a Hungarian co-chair and involving representatives from 70 UN Member States started to work out the Sustainable Development Goals early 2013. The Open Working Group put forward its summary report with the new 17 Sustainable Development Goals to the UN General Assembly in September 2014.

In line with the Sustainable Development Goals, an agreement was reached at expert level in August 2015. On the first day of the Sustainable Development Summit held between 25 and 27 September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted its resolution “A/RES 70/1 – Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development".

When did the new goals come into effect?

The new goals came into effect from 1 January 2016 and shall expire in 2030.

How can the implementation of new goals be measured?

A group of experts has been working on the development of indicators. For each targets to be monitored, two indicators are available and assessed in terms of feasibility, suitability and relevance.

What outcome is hoped from the implementation of Clean Water and Sanitation - Sustainable Development Goals 6 – SDG6?

The implementation of Clean Water and Sanitation – Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6) is expected to contribute to the implementation of other Development Goals beyond the issue of water. Inter alia, it will contribute to poverty reduction, food security and healthy life, giving a better access to energy for all and providing for the countries to be able to manage climate change and the impact thereof.

Further information: sustainabledevelopment.un.org

Americans also think that climate change is a problem

A new survey by CBS News shows that two-thirds of the Americans believe climate change is a crisis or a severe problem. 56 percent believe that immediate action is required to resolve the situation.

Message from Greta Thunberg: We need action more than hope

Here’s an inspiring and thought-provoking talk from a young climate activist who, at only 15, has become the iconic face of the fight against climate change.

Europeans support EU targets associated with climate neutrality

93 percent of the European population believe that climate change is a severe problem, and 92 percent support the targets set by the European Union for climate neutrality by 2050, reveals a new report from the European Commission.

Poland to launch large scale water saving programme

The Polish government has approved the main outlines of a water saving programme in which funds totalling about three billion euros will be invested to double the country’s water reserves by 2027. The finalised plan is to be adopted by early 2021.

David Gilmour auctions his guitars to combat climate change

Pink Floyd’s singer, guitarist and leading composer has auctioned his guitars for a record price of $21 million and gave the proceeds to Client Earth, a charity that works to combat climate change. This is the highest price that a collection of guitars has ever fetched at auction.

Compostable fashion: T-shirts tuned to sustainability

A new T-shirt by Vollebak is made from algae and wood pulp from sustainable sources.

Water be quoted on the stock exchange?

An unusual solution has been proposed to remedy the damage caused by droughts in the Czech Republic.

OGarden – The self-watering compact garden

The Kickstarter campaign for OGarden was started in 2016. The inventors collected money for an innovative idea that revolutionizes home growing of vegetables and fruit. The tiny self-watering indoor garden can grow 90 kinds of vegetables and fruit at once.

Surfers in action to protect nature

This is how fast-wearing neoprene suits can become practical yoga mats – all for sustainability.

The idea for the Hungarian house free of utility bills was born on the ocean

Ákos Blaskovich was sailing the Pacific Ocean when he decided to create affordable houses suitable for mass production without any utility bills and with a zero ecological footprint. The idea of the Noah House was born.

1
2
3
4
5
6