Preventing water crises
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Preventing water crises

Water, the source of development

There is no life without water – this is an unquestionable truth for everybody, but has anyone ever thought of the fact that without water there is no development, either? Talking either about the basic fact that water is essential for the development of plants, or the ingenious inventions of later ages, we have to admit that water significantly determines our lives.

One has only to take a look at world history to see that from ancient Mesopotamia to Egypt and China, every great culture, civilisation had evolved and survived at places where the proximity of waters and rivers ensured life and development. Rivers and seas were used for travelling and trade, cutting distances and exploring new worlds, which most of the time resulted in a leap forward.

But one should not forget that at the same time water is one of the greatest challenges of our lives, posing problems like droughts, floods, their unpredictable variations, river-control, climate change, melting glaciers and the examples could go on. It is truly difficult to believe that ten thousand children under the age of 5 die daily of illnesses due to polluted waters. Currently, nearly two billion people live on earth without access to healthy water, and in 25 years’ time half of humanity will live in a place where water supply will be a serious problem.

Water is one of the greatest challenges of our lives Photo: Shutterstock

Although these data are facts, it seems we do not want to understand what they mean; twelve thousand different chemicals are used in industry, and we use as much water just for watering golf courses every day as would be enough to ensure the daily minimum water requirement for 4.7 billion people, as calculated by the UN.

The problems are thus given, and it is evident that new solutions must be found to solve them, solutions which fully comply with current environmental requirements. These must be given top priority if we want our grandchildren to be able to look at water as a source of development.

Water is a renewable energy source and it is one of the corner-stone of sustainable growth without which there is no development. At the same time, our fresh water reserves are finite and potentially leading to wars, its pollution could cause epidemics, while water shortages might result in famines. We must realize that the key to our further development is the preservation of our water supply. It is only up to us whether we can preserve it.

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