The UN International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that if the planet’s average temperature increased by up to 2 degrees Celsius by 2100, about 280 million people worldwide may have to flee their homes due to flooding.
According to a special IPCC report on oceans and Earth’s frozen zones to be published at the end of September, parts of which have been obtained by the AFP News Agency, the level of oceans and seas may rise by a whole metre by the end of the century. The coastal cities of China and India and the coastal regions of the United States face the highest risk.
The draft report about the cryosphere, the planet’s stock of snow and ice, states that up to 30 percent of permafrost could melt by 2100 unless the current rate of warming is curbed.
As a result of climate change, humanity is expected to face growing numbers of destructive storms in the future.
The rising sea levels and melting permafrost caused by climate change are causing crisis situations in a number of places around the world, resulting in tens of thousands of people having to leave their homes, while important agricultural areas also fall victim to the changes.
Climate change is causing severe problems in Antarctica, too: recently, a piece of ice weighing 315 billion tonnes broke off the area, while scientists investigating satellite images covering an area of 5 million square kilometres found tens of thousands of meltwater lakes, which indicates severe problems.
“Ice is the canary in the global coal mine. It’s the place where we can see and touch and hear and feel climate change in action.” Internationally recognised nature photographer James Balog believes it is extremely important to pay attention to the processes underway in the polar regions.
Massive snowstorms hit a number of north-western and northern states of the USA on 29 September.
Monsoon rain accompanied by storms and lightning hit the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India on 27 September. Tempestuous winds toppled trees and utility poles and tore off roofs, killing more than a hundred people.
On 24 September, the Fondazione Montagna Sicura (Safe Mountain Foundation) issued an avalanche warning on the Planpincieux Glacier, which is located on the eastern slope of the Grandes Jorasses peak.
More than a thousand people were evacuated or rescued in Houston, Texas, the most populous city in Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States on 19 September due to Tropical Storm Imelda.
Due to their geographical position, the small island states of the Caribbean and the Pacific are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change. The documentary entitled 1.5 Stay Alive showcases the sensitive and risky symbiosis between people living in the Caribbean Region and the water that surrounds them.
Climate change is expected to cause the number of extreme floods along the shores of Northern Europe to increase.