13 June 2019 was marked by a rather alarming phenomenon: an almost unbelievable quantity of ice melted in Greenland. In the course of a single day, 2 billion tonnes of ice turned into water.
In Greenland, the melting season lasts from June to August each year, with peak rates of melting usually reached in July. This year, however, 40% of the ice sheet has already started melting in June, resulting in an extreme quantity of ice, 2 billion tonnes, melting on 13 June.
According Thomas Mote, a researcher at the University of Georgia, although far from usual, this spike in melting is not unprecedented: similar levels were reported for June 2012. However, many researchers predict that this summer we will see extreme ice losses on the island – it is quite possible that the records of seven years ago will be broken.
As a result of climate change, humanity is expected to face growing numbers of destructive storms in the future.
The rising sea levels and melting permafrost caused by climate change are causing crisis situations in a number of places around the world, resulting in tens of thousands of people having to leave their homes, while important agricultural areas also fall victim to the changes.
Climate change is causing severe problems in Antarctica, too: recently, a piece of ice weighing 315 billion tonnes broke off the area, while scientists investigating satellite images covering an area of 5 million square kilometres found tens of thousands of meltwater lakes, which indicates severe problems.
“Ice is the canary in the global coal mine. It’s the place where we can see and touch and hear and feel climate change in action.” Internationally recognised nature photographer James Balog believes it is extremely important to pay attention to the processes underway in the polar regions.
Massive snowstorms hit a number of north-western and northern states of the USA on 29 September.
Monsoon rain accompanied by storms and lightning hit the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India on 27 September. Tempestuous winds toppled trees and utility poles and tore off roofs, killing more than a hundred people.
On 24 September, the Fondazione Montagna Sicura (Safe Mountain Foundation) issued an avalanche warning on the Planpincieux Glacier, which is located on the eastern slope of the Grandes Jorasses peak.
More than a thousand people were evacuated or rescued in Houston, Texas, the most populous city in Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States on 19 September due to Tropical Storm Imelda.
Due to their geographical position, the small island states of the Caribbean and the Pacific are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change. The documentary entitled 1.5 Stay Alive showcases the sensitive and risky symbiosis between people living in the Caribbean Region and the water that surrounds them.
Climate change is expected to cause the number of extreme floods along the shores of Northern Europe to increase.