Milestone Events, Documents in Water Policy
Resolutions of the first United Nations Water Conference held in Mar del Plata in 1977. The thematic conference was the first of its kind with the participation of 116 states and held an outstanding significance in the field of water resources management.
The International Conference on Water and the Environment (ICWE) held in Dublin, January 1992, with the participation of 113 countries, adopted four principles (fresh water as a finite resource, participatory approach, central role of women, economic value of water).
Also in 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro adopted Agenda 21, the global action programme for the 21st century. Chapter 18 is titled Protection of the Quality and Supply of Freshwater Resources: Application of Integrated Approaches to the Development, Management and Use of Water Resources.
The World Water Forum is the most significant international event in the field of water, engaging representatives of governments, parliaments and local governments, different water institutions and international organisations. The first forum was held in Marrakech in 1997, followed by the second in The Hague (2000), the third in Kyoto (2003), the fourth in Mexico City (2006), the fifth in Istanbul (2009) and the sixth in Marseille (2012). Daegu, South Korea will host the 7th World Water Forum in 2015. The resolutions adopted at each forum are below:
The Plan of Implementation adopted by the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 addresses issues such as access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation and the development of integrated water resources management and water efficiency plans.
The outcome document of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, where the issue of water and sanitation was the top priority for Hungary. At the Conference, Dr János Áder, the President of Hungary, announced Hungary’s intention to continue its strong engagement in shaping international water policy and organise an international conference in the autumn of 2013 to facilitate the implementation of the water-related resolutions of the Rio Conference - the Budapest Water Summit.
Recent Connected Relevant Processes
The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan hosted the High-level International Conference on Water Cooperation on 20-21 August, 2013 in Dushanbe, the capital city of the country. The main objective of the Conference was to contribute to improvement of water cooperation, in particular in a transboundary level, through advocating the successful policies and best practices, wider public participation, encouragement of policy makers to promote water cooperation at all levels for contribution to achieve the internationally agreed goals on water.
The Conference also gave an opportunity to discuss and develop new measures aimed to accelerate the efforts on achievement of MDGs and recommendations for further actions after 2015 including contribution to development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related with water.
World Water Week is hosted and organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) and takes place each year in Stockholm. This year's World Water Week takes place in Stockholm 1-6 September 2013. The World Water Week has been the annual focal point for the globe's water issues since 1991. Every year, over 200 collaborating organisations convene events at the World Water Week. In addition, individuals from around the globe present their findings at the scientific workshops.
Each year the World Water Week addresses a particular theme to enable a deeper examination of a specific water-related topic. While not all events during the week relate to the overall theme, the workshops driven by the Scientific Programme Committee and many seminars and side events do focus on various aspects of the theme. 2013 theme is Water Cooperation - Building Partnerships.